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AK Armia Krajowa
Big Ben Action against V2 rockets, possibly trying to identify launch sites for destruction.
II Bureau Polish Secret Service section for activity In Germany and Soviet Russia and worked closely with MI6
Bureau VI Polish Secret Service section for the organization of AK and worked closely with SOE. Located at 13 Upper Belgrave St, London.
Bureau Central
de Renseignements
et d'Action Militaire
(BCRA) This was a combined bureau that covered military and political roles including covert operations. R Section worked with Britain’s MI6. A/M Section covered military action and liaised with SOE. CE Section was counterintelligence. E Section covered escape and evasion and worked closely with MI9. N/M was nonmilitary.
Continental Action this was an operation set up by Polish Interior Ministry in co-ordination with the British Ministry of Economic Warfare and Polish II Bureau to run secret intelligence operations in occupied Europe for military and economic warfare.
Einsatzgruppen The most sinister of the Nazi security organizations. Specially formed from the Sicherheits-polizie and Gestapo were responsible for some of the most horific incidents. 100 men or Einsatzkommandos formed a unit. Main task was to clear anti-Nazi opposition in the rear of the main battle front and were not under Army command.
Einsatzgruppe I was attached to 14th Army, Einsatzgruppe II 10th Army, Einsatzgruppe III 8th Army, Einsatzgruppe IV 4th Army, Einsatzgruppe V 3rd Army, Einsatzgruppe VI was based in Poznan.
E.F.T.S Elementary Flying Training School
No. 25 Hucknall/ Firbeck Tiger Moth
Fortitude This was a complex deception plan by the Allies to mask the allied D-Day landings in Normandy. There were two sub-plans: North and South. Phantom armies were created with North threatened to invade Norway and South to invade France at Calais.
Jim Crows Coastal water patrol to catch low level sneak bomber attacks on coastal towns or shipping.
Market "Market Garden" was the Arnhem operation involving the attempt to capture the Rhine bridges in Holland using massive airborne and land forces in a bloody battle - A bridge too Far. Polish airborne troops went in too late and like the paras were cut to bits.
Maryland SOE forward operations base in Bari, Italy.
Massingham SOE Operations HQ in Algeria.
Noball V1 and V2 launch sites.
Operation FRANTIC These were shuttle missions by the USAAF from Britain and Italy using airfields in the Soviet Ukraine for bombing missions and re-supply drops over Warsaw during the Warsaw Rising (FRANTIC 7).
Operation TRIPOD
Run by Col. Jan Kowalewski (Pierre, Piotr and later Nart) of II Bureau linked the work of Continental Action and the destabilization of the Axis countries Hungary, Italy, and Romania for the regimes to seek an armistice.
Was part of Continental Action to destabilise the Hungarian regime and seek an armistice which triggered the German invasion of Hungary (Operation MARGARETHE).
O.T.U Operational Training Unit
No. 41 Harwarden Mustang/ Harvard
No. 51 Cranfield Beaufighter/ Mosquito
No. 54 Charter Hall Beaufighter/ Beaufort
No. 53 Kirton in Lindsey Spitfire
No. 60 High Ercall Mosquitos
No. 61 Rednal Spitfires
No. 62 Ouston Anson
PAF Polish Air Force fighting in exile in several theatres of war, not based in Russia.
Phantom/ GHQ Liaison
This was a Royal Signals Unit working close to the front-line passing intercepted signals updating commanders of battle and battle positions whose duties also included decoy and deception signals traffic to confuse the enemy.
Ramrod British light bomber raid with fighter escort cover. Principally aimed at "encouraging" engagement with German fighters for their destruction.
Ranger Free-lance flights deep behind enemy lines with low level bombing raid, typically strategic site or opportunist ‘kills’ like troop trains.
Rodeo Fighter sweep over a specific area to engage German fighters.
Section In the Polish Air Force 2 planes were in usually in each Section.
Station Interallié (INT Station) run by Capt. Roman Garby-Czerniawski of II Bureau cooperating with the allies to run an espionage network with Mathilde Carré. He was caught by the Abwehr and became a double agent for MI5 (Brutus) feeding the Germans with false information as part of Fortitude South.
Sperrgebiet Military cordon.
Squadron In the PAF this was split into Flight A and B. Operationally these were split into colour coded sections of 3. Each flight had 14 Pilots/ planes.
STS These were Special Training Schools for the S.O.E
Station 17 Located Brickendonbury
Station 20 Located Pollard Park, Bucks small arms training
Station 40 Located Howbury Hall R/T
Station 43 Located Audley End Cichociemni
Station 46 Located Bletchley
Station 61 Located Gaynes Hall
Station These were the captured airfields after D-Day where RAF and PAF operated or were used as ‘out landings’ for fuel and repairs for squadrons still based in Britain.

B3 - St. Croix sur Mer 4km from ‘Gold Beach’ on Normandy coast.
B5 - Le Fresne Camilly near Douvres La Deliverande and about 12Km inland from ‘Junot Beach’.
B10 - Plumetot. About 2km from Douvres La Deliverande.
B31 - Fresnoy Folney is located about 18Km east of Dieppe.
B51 - Lille
B61 - Ghent (St. Denis)
B70 - Antwerp
B101 - Nordhorn, 20Km NNE of Enschede, Germany.

T-Force This was a bold secret operation made up of engineers, bomb disposal experts, commandos and scientists racing into front-line prior to other front-line troops to capture Nazi secret technologies and their scientists before materials could be destroyed or captured by the Soviets.
ZWZ Zwiazek Walki Zbrojnej or the Union for Armed Struggle. Underground army set up Sikorski. It was disliked by the Peasants Party and the far right parties, but had good moderate political support.

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